Purana

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Puranas(पुराण)
The Puranas: पुराण are ancient Hindu scripture praising of various deities, primarily the divine Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Siva through divine stories. They are the important Hindu religious texts particularly consisting of tale of the history of the universe from creation to destruction, descriptions of Hindu cosmology, geography and philosophy and family tree of kings, sages, heroes and deities.
The Puranas are commonly classified according to the Trinity or the three aspects of the divine. The Padma Puran classifieds them, according to 3 Qualities, each containing 6 Purans.
 Satvik - Truth and Purity
 Rajasik - Softness and Passion
 Tamasik - Darkness and Ignorance
This is also considered that all three classifications are according to human quality too. The Puranas are so divided that the men with related nature can take benefit of them and gradually take back their lost position and get out of the hard struggle for existence.
Every of purana generally gives fame to a particular deity, occupying a plenty of religious and philosophical concepts. They are usually written in the form of stories correlated by one person to another. The Puranas are available in dialect translation and are spread by Brahmin scholars, who study them and tell their stories usually called Katha.
Origins
Maharishi Veda Vyasa, the storyteller of the holy saga Mahabharata, is conventionally considered the compiler of the Puranas,
The exact time of the assembly of the written texts does not define in the Puranas. Just as the Vedas they also supposed to be existed in some oral form and told by sages to sages or pupil before being written. All of the Puranas are supposed to be written originally in between 1000 BC to 250 BC and have been incrementally customized well into the 16th century. The very first editions of printed publishing were made by All India Kashiraj Trust, formed under Maharaja of Kashi Vibhuti Narayan Singh. Some times Puranas are considered as fifth Veda. Thus we can understand the importance of Puranas in the Initial and very First religion on the Earth “Hinduism
Beside these, Puranas also content the knowledge about the genealogies of gods, sages and famous kings and the traditions (For Example Vayu Purana says Manu lived 95 generations before the Bharata), and knowledge about the mathematics, the science of government ((ksatra vidya) and the science of demonic beings imagined like serpents (Sarpadevajan Vidya)
According to Matysa Purana, they are said to relate five subjects, called Pancha Lakshana
  1. Sarga - the creation of the universe.
  2. Pratisarga - secondary creations, mostly re-creations after dissolution.
  3. Vamsa - genealogy of the gods and sages.
  4. Manvantara - the creation of the human pursuit and the first human beings. The era of the Manu’s rule, 71 extraterrestrial Maha Yugas
  5. Vamsanucaritam - the history of the patriarchs of the solar and lunar dynasties.
Mahapuranas
The Most Important puranas are called Mahapurans. These are said to be 18 in number divided into 3 groups, 6 in each totaling 429,000 verses.
  1. Agni Purana- It contains 15,400 verses having the details of Vastu shastra and gemology

  1. Bhagwata Purana – It contains 18,000 verses. It is the most renowned and accepted of thePuranas telling of Vishnu's ten Avatars. Its tenth and longest verse narrates the activities of Krishna, introducing his childhood exploit, a topic later detailed by many Bhakti movements.
  1. Brahma Purana – It contains 10,000 verses, describes Godavari River and its branches
  1. Brahmanda Purana – It contains 12,000 verses, including Lalita Sahasranamam.
  1. Brahmavaivarta Purana- – It contains 17,000 verses, Describes customs to worship Devis, Ganesha and Krishna.
  1. Garuda Purana - – It contains 19,000 verses. Its describes death and its after effects.
  1. Harivamsa Purana- – It contains 16,000 verses and considered to be epic poetry tells about history(Mahabharat).

OR
  1. Bhavishya Purana- – It contains the details of future, but is written in past tense.
  1. Kurma Purana  – It contains 17,000 verses. It tells about the second of ten major avatars of Lord Vishnu.
  1. Linga Purana - – It contains 11,000 verses. It describes the majesty of Linga the symbol of Lord Shiva and origin of the universe. It also contains numerous stories of Lingam one of which entails that how Agni Lingam solved clash between Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma.
  1. Markandeya Purana - It contains 9,000 verses. It contains The Devi Mahatmya, an important text for the Shaktas.
  1. Matsya Puran - It contains 9,000 verses. It describes the story of Matsya, the first of ten major Avatars of Vishnu. It also contains genealogical details of various dynasties.
  1. Narada Purana - It contains 25,000 verses. Describes the importance of Vedas and Vedangas.
  1. Padma Purana - It contains 55,000 verses. Describes the greatness of Bhagavad Gita. Hence, it is also known as Gita Mahatmya.
  1. Shiva Puran - It contains 24,000 verses Describes the greatness of Shiva, greatness in worshiping Shiva and other stories about him. Another name of Shiva Purana is Vayu Puran
  1. Skanda Puran - The longest Purana, It contains 81,100 verses. Describes the birth of Skanda The Karthikeya, eldest son of Shiva., it is an amazingly particular pilgrimage guide, containing geographical locations of pilgrimage centers in India with related legends, tale, hymns and stories. Many untraced quotes are attributed to this text.
  1. Vaman Purana - It contains 10,000 verses. Describes areas around Kurukshetra in North India.
  1. Varah Puran - It contains 24,000 verses. Describes diverse forms prayer and devotional ceremony to Lord Vishnu. Many illustrations also engage to Lord Shiva and Devi Durga.
  1. Vishnu Puran - It contains 23,000 verses. Describes the many activities of Vishnu and various ways to worship him.
The Mahapuranas are generally classified according the three facet of the divine Trinity Trimurti.
Vaishnav Puranas - Vishnu Purana, Bhagavata Purana, Garuda Purana, Naradeya Purana, Padma Purana, Vamana Purana, Varaha Purana, Matsya Purana, Kurrma Purana,
Brahma Puranas - Brahma Purana, Brahmanda Purana, Brahma Vaivarta Purana, Markandeya Purana, Bhavishya Purana,
Shaiv Puranas - Shiva Purana, Linga Purana, Agni Purana, Skanda Purana,
As well according to three Gunas of nature and also acoocording to human category, they are future categorized-
Sattva – truth and purity- Bhagavata Purana, Vishnu Purana, Garuda Purana, Varaha Purana
Naradeya Purana, Padma Purana,
Rajas – dimness and passion -            Brahma Purana, Brahma Vaivarta Purana, Brahmanda Purana, Vamana Purana, Markandeya Purana, Bhavishya Purana,
Tamas – darkness and ignorance - Shiva Purana, Linga Purana,       Matsya Purana, Agni Purana Kurma purana, Skanda Purana,
Upapuranas
The Upapuranas are minor or supplementary texts. These are sometimes also supposed to be eighteen in amount, with still less conformity as to the canonical titles. They include among many:
Narasimha Puran                                     Sanat-kumara Purana                         Brihan Naradiya Purana
Siva-rahasya Purana                                Durvasa, Kapila Purana                     Vamana Purana
Bhargava Purana                                    Varuna Prana                                      Kalki Puran
Samba Purana                                         Nandi Purana                                      Surya Purana
Parasara Purana                                         Vasishtha Purana                            Devi-Bhagavata Purana
Ganesha Purana                                         Mudgala Purana                              Hamsa Purana
The Ganesha and Mudgala Puranas are devoted to Ganesha.
The Devi-Bhagavata Purana, which extols the goddess Durga, has become (along with the Devi Mahatmya of the Markandeya Purana) a basic text for Devi worshippers.
As all the Upapuranas are not have been edited yet. We are giving all available to us Upapuranas for free download in Hindi PDF
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